“Twilight of the idols” (1889) and “The Anti-christ” (1895) by Friedrich Nietzsche
“What he aspired to was totality; he strove against the separation of reason, sensuality, feeling, will; he disciplined himself to a whole, he created himself … A man of tolerance, not out of weakness, but out of strength, because he knows how to employ to his advantage what would destroy an average nature; a man to whom nothing is forbidden, except it be weakness, whether that weakness be called vice or virtue: I have baptised it with name Dionysos”.
Nietzsche says more in ten sentences than what most writes says in a book. Such a profound soul that mastered both reason and instinct, half beast and half man; he was a philosopher.
Nietzsche once called Wagner the “most impolite genius in the world” i can think of no better way to describe himself. In both these two short books, Nietzsche captivate the reader with the mud-throwing of the century against the Christian and the German. A man with such a profound intellect was surely also capable of the most profound hatred.
What Nietzsche disliked, must be traced back to his idea of the Dionysian - which is the total affirmation of life. Whereas the stoics try to eliminate ‘passions’, the Christians tried to eliminate ‘reason’ - Nietzsche strived for a totality of being. Of unifying all forces within him and therefore becoming more than human, an overhuman.
Twilight is a profound attack on morality because people do not know what that is anymore. To know your capacity for good, you must know your capacity for evil - which means that you must be dangerous.
Is the rabbit moral, because it has no claws? Is the domesticated dog moral, because it has forgotten how to bite? If we want to be good, we need the possibility of being evil. Strength is a prerequisite for being moral in Nietzschian view. But this a strength in the most profound way there is.
Strength is what is rendering us capable of saying ‘yes’ to life, and attain the capacity to gaze into both the “horrors of the night” and the “heights of bliss”. As Nietzsche put it: “The saying ‘Yes’ to life even in its strangest and hardest problems; the will to life…that is what I call Dionysian.”